Publications

PEARLS (created by the Primary Healthcare Field based in New Zealand and funded by the New Zealand Ministry of Health and New Zealand Doctor)

566: Tobacco cessation interventions helpful for people with substance use disorders 

564: No evidence for drug treatments for recurrent abdominal pain in children

563: Little evidence of benefit for injected corticosteroids in plantar heel pain

562: Standardised packaging reduces tobacco use

561: No effective interventions for molluscum contagiosum

560: Topical analgesics effective for acute and chronic pain

559: Shared care effective for depression

558: Psychosocial interventions effective for smoking cessation in pregnancy

557: Industry sponsorship influences research outcomes

556: Breastfeeding support improves outcomes

555: Limited evidence for benefits of prophylactic drug treatment for febrile seizures

554: Moisturisers beneficial for eczema

553: Non-medical prescribers effective in management of chronic disease

552: Topical capsaicin effective for chronic neuropathic pain

551: Topical analgesics effective for acute and chronic pain

550: Psychosocial therapy of some benefit in recurrent abdominal pain in childhood

549: Automated telephone communication systems promising for preventive health care and managing long-term conditions

548: Need to balance benefits and risks of long-term hormone therapy in postmenopausal women

547: No evidence of benefits from stretch for the treatment and prevention of contractures

546: Limited evidence of effectiveness of analgesics in AOM in children

545: Little evidence on effective pharmacotherapies for sleep disturbances in dementia

544: Written information can reduce use of antibiotics for acute URTIs

543: Modest benefit of fibrates for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease

542: Thrombolysis and anticoagulants more effective than anticoagulants alone in acute DVT

541: Yoga beneficial for women with breast cancer

540: No evidence of benefits from corticosteroids alone in Guillain-Barre syndrome

539: Paracetamol no better than placebo for acute low back pain

538: Electronic cigarettes assist smoking cessation

537: Corticosteroids effective for Bell’s palsy

536: Speech and language therapy effective for post-stroke aphasia

535: Implementation tools developed by guideline producers may improve guideline uptake

534: Acupuncture effective in preventing tension-type headache

533: Limited evidence for benefits of short-course oral steroids for chronic rhinosinusitis

532: Behavioural treatment and pharmacotherapy effective for smoking cessation in people with COPD

531: Varenicline more effective for smoking cessation than bupropion

530: Daily iron supplementation beneficial in menstruating women

529: Limited evidence for benefits of interventions in preventing cold sores

528: Topical NSAIDs effective for pain in knee osteoarthritis

527: Vitamin supplementation does not prevent miscarriage

526: Treatment of first unprovoked seizure should be individualised

525: Similar outcomes for different follow-up strategies in early breast cancer

523: Midwife-led continuity models of care beneficial

522: Yoga of some benefit for asthma

521: Primary prevention reduces the risk of unintended adolescent pregnancies

520: Mixed evidence on interventions for improving outcomes in patients with multimorbidity

519: Limited benefit from non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for chronic low back pain

518: Limited evidence for benefits of interventions to reduce sitting at work

517:Skin grafting and tissue replacement effective for diabetic foot ulcers

516: Legislative smoking bans improve health outcomes

515: Over the counter artificial tears effective for dry eye syndrome

514: Therapist-supported internet CBT effective for adult anxiety disorders

513: Limited evidence for effectiveness of home-based end-of-life care

512: Topical steroids effective for scalp psoriasis

511: Herpes zoster vaccine effective in older adults

510: Limited evidence for benefits of dietary fibre in cardiovascular disease

509: Motor control exercise similar to other forms of exercise for chronic non-specific low-back pain

508: Little evidence for water precautions in preventing infections in children with grommets

507: Limited evidence for benefits of tricyclics for nocturnal enuresis

506: Over-the-counter analgesics effective for acute postoperative pain

505: Limited evidence to support use of interactive telemedicine 

504: Limited evidence for intra-articular corticosteroids in knee osteoarthritis

503: Limited evidence for light therapy as preventive treatment for seasonal affective disorder

502: Interventions to facilitate shared decision making reduce antibiotic prescribing

501: Two blood markers moderately accurate in screening for Down’s syndrome

500: Limited evidence for benefits of methylphenidate in ADHD

499: No identified risk in use of topical corticosteroids during pregnancy

498: Insufficient evidence for antihistamines for the common cold

497:  Music improves sleep quality

496: No evidence for efficacy of NSAIDs for neuropathic pain

495: Presentation influences selection and consumption of food

494: Primary care consultation liaison effective for mental disorders

493: Crisis intervention effective in severe mental illness

492: No evidence of benefits for hormone therapy in preventing cardiovascular disease in post-menopausal women

491: Higher doses of atorvastatin reduce cholesterol more than lower doses

490: Pilates of some benefit for low back pain

489: Psychosocial interventions effective for smoking cessation in patients with coronary heart disease

488: Limited benefits from antivirals in Bell’s palsy

487: Rivastigmine has a small effect in Alzheimer’s disease

486: No benefit from treating asymptomatic bacteriuria

485: Psychological interventions may benefit non-specific chest pain management

484: Incentives effective for smoking cessation

483: Personalised care planning beneficial for adults with chronic or long-term health conditions

482: Chondroitin effective for osteoarthritis

481: CBT plus tapering dose reduces benzodiazepine use in short term

480: SSRIs and SNRIs ineffective for preventing tension-type headaches

479: Topical rubefacients ineffective for musculoskeletal pain

478: Uricosuric medications effective for chronic gout

477: CBT effective for medically unexplained physical symptoms

476: Case management beneficial for people with dementia

475: Topical anti-inflammatory agents effective for seborrhoeic dermatitis of the face or scalp

474: Effects of fixed-dose combination therapy for prevention of cardiovascular disease uncertain

473: Limited evidence for effectiveness of H1-antihistamines for chronic spontaneous urticaria

472: Alpha-blockers effective for ureteral stones

471: No specific treatment beneficial for painful nipples among breastfeeding women

461: Minimal benefits from neuraminidase inhibitors in influenza

460: Calcium channel blockers minimally effective for Raynaud’s phenomenon

459: No evidence for routine systemic antibiotics for venous leg ulcers

458: Psychosocial interventions may be of some benefit in prostate cancer

458: Limited benefit from hip protectors

457: Vitamin D alone ineffective for preventing fractures

457: Vitamin D supplementation may reduce mortality in elderly adults

456: Short-term psychodynamic psychotherapies can benefit common mental disorders

450: Psychological treatments for depression and anxiety effective in dementia and mild cognitive impairment

449: Powered toothbrushing more effective than manual for oral health

448: Ultrasound ineffective for chronic low-back pain

446: Self-management effective for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

445: Electromagnetic field treatment effective for osteoarthritis pain

444: Water-based exercise training beneficial in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

442: Decision aids helpful for treatment or screening conditions

Amoxicillin once or twice daily as effective as three times daily dosing for acute otitis media

Variety of interventions improve safety and effectiveness of medicines use

Statins ineffective for dementia

Sumatriptan effective for acute migraine in adults

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